MD 1965, PhD 1965-67 Experimental
fluorescein angiography; 1967-69,
Research Fellow at Wilmer Institute
to start and run the first clinical
fluorescein angiography service.
Residency at Helsinki University Eye
1970-1983 researcher at Dept.
Physiology with Juhani Hyvärinen on
Ophthalmologist and Chief of Low
Vision Clinic, Central Association
for the Blind 1976 1977;
1.6.1977-31.3. -1979 Consultant of
the Low vision Clinic.
Lecturer, in starting Nordic Staff
Training for Deaf -Blind
Services1981-1987. Private practice
Consultant and member of 2 groups in
development of health services and
special education in Finland
1992-2010; in Europe1998-2004.
Lecturing in 70 countries and
helping to create low vision
services 1984 - 2019. Temp.Adviser
of WHO 1992 Bangkok, 2003 Geneva
Advisor to WHO Eastern Mediterranean
Region to develop Vision